Skip to main content

i-CONNECT: Step 5: Cite Your Sources: Build Citations

Databases & Citations

Many of the Library Databases provide Citation assistance for the articles.  In the Tools area located on the Detailed Record page and the Article page, look for features like "Cite" or "Cite Now!"

Do a final check to make certain that the citation correct formatting, punctuation and content!

Citation Tools: NoodleTools

NoodleTools is an online tool for creating works cited lists. Use it with MLA, APA, or Chicago styles. It helps you create your citations, and generates your bibliography. Create folders and store citations for multiple projects.

CCAC provides NoodleTools to current students, faculty and staff. Email if you have any questions.  Show me how

The Citation Parts

puzzle piecesMLA, APA and Chicago citations are built from the same basic parts. You need to give enough identifying pieces of information so that your reader can locate the item. Standard parts include author, title, publisher, date of publication, database retrieved from, date accessed, etc. These are included in a "Works Cited" or "References" listing at the end of your paper.

Within your paper, direct quotes and paraphrases are commonly credited using parenthetical citations or sometimes endnotes or footnotes.

Use CheckCite, developed by James Madison University Libraries, to see examples of citations for different types of sources using various style guides.

Build Common Citations: Books & eBooks, MLA Examples

Books & eBooks

Basic Format:

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year of Publication. Medium of Publication.

book sample

Gardner, Howard, and Katie Davis. The App Generation. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013. Print.

Myers, Peter L., and Richard Isralowitz. Alcohol. Santa Barbara: Greenwood, 2011. EBSCO eBook Collection. Web. 22 July 2014.


Build Common Citations: Journals & Magazines, MLA Examples

Journals & Magazines

Basic Format: Journal

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal Volume.Issue (Year): pages. Medium of publication.

Basic Format: Magazine

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Periodical. Day Month Year: pages. Medium of publication.

journal sample


King, Keith A., Rebecca A. Vidourek, and Ashley L. Merianos. "Psychosocial Factors Associated With Over-The-Counter Drug Abuse Among Youth." American Journal Of Health Studies 28.2 (2013): 68-76. Academic Search Premier. Web. 22 July 2014.


Weissman, Jordan. "Are We All Overreacting to Student Debt?" Slate 24 June 2014: n. pag. Web. 22 July 2014. 

Build Common Citations: Web Sites, MLA Examples

Web Site
Basic Format:

Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). "Name of Page." Name of Site Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available). Medium of publication. Date of access.

web sample

University of Rochester. "New Evidence Links Air Pollution to Autism, Schizophrenia." Science Daily. Science Daily, 5 June 2014. Web. 22 July 2014.

National Institute on Drug Abuse. "Brain and Addiction." NIDA for Teens. National Institute on Drug Abuse, 9 July 2014. Web. 22 July 2014.

CCAC Libraries | Community College of Allegheny County | Pittsburgh, PA | © 2018