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Pittsburgh Information: Citations
This guide can assist with finding information on Pittsburgh, including local government agencies, local libraries, and links to local newspaper, magazines, and television stations.
When you research a topic you may use information from articles, books,
or the Web to support your ideas. However, you must credit the original
authors of these sources by citing them. This serves two important
It makes it clear that you are not plagarizing, or
claiming work that is not your own.
It tells readers of
your work where to to find more information on a topic.
Email yourself a copy of any articles or websites you are using. This ensures you will have the correct information when writing your paper.
Use quotation marks when directly stating another person's words.
Credit original authors for not just their words, but also their ideas.
The The Excelsior Online Writing Lab is one of the best sources for learning more about citing and formatting your papers. It features instructional videos that show you how to set up your papers in APA, MLA, and Chicago formats, interactive checklists, and visual support for both in-text documenting and referencing at the end of your paper.
Citation Tools: NoodleTools
NoodleTools is an online tool for creating works cited lists. Use it with MLA, APA, or Chicago styles. It helps you create your citations, and generates your bibliography.Show me how
MLA style, developed by the Modern Language Association, is used for English, foreign languages and general topics. MLA requires parenthetical citations within the text and a corresponding bibliography or works cited list at the end of the paper.
APA style, developed by the American Psychological Association, is used for hard sciences and social sciences, including education. APA uses parenthetical citations within the text and a corresponding bibliography or works cited list at the end of the paper.
Chicago style is sometimes used for history and the humanities. Chicago style uses superscript numbers within the text to refer readers to corresponding footnotes at the end of the page. A bibliography is generally required as well.