After completing this module, you will be able to: Explain what peer review is and why it is important
Locate peer-reviewed articles
Recognize the difference between scholarly and peer reviewed materials
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peer review tips
What are peer reviewed sources?
The publication is a scholarly journal.
The authors are scholars or professionals in the field and conduct original research.
The written article is submitted to a journal for review by the editor and a group of three - five peers who are considered experts in that subject.
If the reviewers agree that the article follows a standard research process, is of high quality with valid findings, the article will be accepted for publication in the journal.
If the article does not meet the standards, it will be rejected for publication.
(these are similar to magazines, but for specific industries/businesses)
(also known as scholarly or academic sources)
Subject Nutrition Examples
The New York Times
School Library Journal
Journal of American History
Journal of Business Ethics
Journal of Military History
Journal of Adult Education
Glossy cover and paper
Heavy focus on color images
Lots of advertisements
Shorter articles or commentary (1-5 pages)
Broad variety of public interest topics, may be cross disciplinary
Eye-catching layout and design
Many colorful images
Advertisements, usually pertaining to the specialty of the publication
Shorter articles (1-5 pages)
Vocabulary not usually complex, but may contain specialized terminology
Eye-catching layout and design
Plain cover and paper
Mostly black and white images
Lengthy articles with in-depth analysis
Vocabulary often complex and may use specialized terminology of the subject area
Graphs and tables
Structured sections (abstract, overview, literature review, etc.)
Very narrow and specific topics
Cover news and current events
Profiles on people, places, or events
Express political opinions
Report of developments and trends within the discipline or industry
Share results of original research
Advance knowledge in a specialty
Freelance or staff writers paid for their work
Profession is journalism
Members of the industry or profession
Researchers or scholars with academic credentials
Content is reviewed by the magazine or newspaper editor
Content may be reviewed by members of the field or by an editor
Content is reviewed by other scholars in the field--called Peer-Review
Rarely have citations or notes
Sometimes have citations or notes
Have citations and notes in a formal style
Commercial companies for profit
Professional associations, foundations
Reminders Not all journal articles are peer-reviewed.
You can find all three types of sources using the CCAC databases. Book reviews and editorials are not considered scholarly, even if found in a journal. Both magazine and journal articles can be good sources for your research.